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What Is A Fire Extinguisher?

 

A fire extinguisher can be described as an active fire prevention device designed to control or extinguish small fires, most often in fire emergencies. It isn’t designed for immediate use in an inferno, such as one that has already reached the ceiling, threatens the life of the user, or requires the expertise of a highly trained firefighter. Fire extinguishers are designed for situations when people are in danger or those who may come into contact with the fire to make the situation less dangerous. It is important to understand how a fire extinguisher works to avoid injuries and the possibility of death.

The fire extinguisher contains chemicals which react with the heat from a source of fire. These chemicals ignite when they come into contact with oxygen in the air. An example of this chemical reaction is the reaction of carbon dioxide to produce carbon monoxide. Other types of chemicals may also react with the oxygen in the air. This reaction produces carbon dioxide, which in turn produces water, which then reacts with the other chemicals inside the fire extinguisher to create a chemical called water vapor.

The more chemicals and oxygen present, the faster the chemical reaction. When all the chemicals inside are mixed, the water vapor becomes a liquid form. As this mixture begins to rise, it creates a vacuum that sucks the rest of the chemicals and oxygen out of the air, allowing it to escape. In order for the chemical reaction to continue, there must be an outside source of oxygen in order for the liquid to continue moving upward. This means that the fire extinguisher needs to have some sort of pump or other mechanism that pulls the fire’s oxygen into the area around it.

Once the chemical reaction has occurred, the extinguishing agent begins to burn away any remaining moisture and eventually burns itself away. This leaves only the chemical substance left behind. Some extinguishers can be used to provide ventilation for the remaining materials before they burn away, but these are generally less effective at protecting humans than an active chemical fire extinguisher. Some fire extinguishers can be used to control or extinguish flames in small enclosed spaces.

Fire extinguishers are not meant to be used as first aid tools. Fire extinguishers should never be used on small blazes or fires in or near the home, and should only be used in emergency situations in which the fire may spread. to other areas of the house or property. If a person is in danger of being trapped in a small space, having a fire extinguisher nearby is often the best way to avoid getting trapped.

The use of fire extinguishers is required by law in all 50 states of the United States and is mandated by building codes. Most building owners include it in the plans for the structure they build or hire a professional to install it in. Many homes also include it in their insurance policy, so that homeowners know what to do if a fire breaks out in the middle of the night while they’re at work or other unexpected time.

The fire extinguisher should never be used to fight a large fire or to fight flames that have traveled to other areas of the home. This is typically the case when large fires break out on hot summer days or in an area like a storage unit or in an attic. It is also common to use it to fight small fires that occur in closets, basements, closets, attics, bathroom rooms, or laundry rooms. In these cases, it is also not required to have a fire extinguisher in the home, since these fires are often caused by cigarettes, clothing, cigarette lighter, ash trays, matches, electrical outlets, or other things that could easily cause a spark to become airborne.

Although many firefighters will tell you that you should have fire extinguishers in your home to provide protection, many people will simply ignore them and continue using their smoke detectors instead. Fire extinguishers should be used in emergency situations, but in most cases you can avoid having to use them by simply following simple fire safety rules. It is also recommended that you never leave a fire extinguisher outside of your home, so you don’t have to worry about using it in the case of an emergency.

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Advantages That You Can Get When Using the Services of Builders Rodney

 

If you are thinking of buying a property and would like to find a good builder, then one thing to consider would be the reputation of the company that you choose. In order to ensure that you are dealing with a reputable business, you should ask the company to show proof of their accreditation as a builder or an association. This is not only a sign of their dedication to the industry, but it will also make sure that you are buying a quality product from them.

Asking for references from previous clients is another step that will help you find a reputable builder. You can also look for the online references of the companies and check it out yourself. Remember to ask the company to provide proof of their qualifications before you get involved in any project that they are handling.

Another important thing to keep in mind when searching for a property to build is the company’s reputation in the market. If a company has been around for quite some time already, then there are more chances that they have good and positive reviews. On the other hand, if the company is new, then you need to be extra cautious on how you will deal with them. The only way to judge their ability is by looking at their website and check what sort of experience that they offer to clients.

When you are choosing a company, it is important that you know that you will be working with a good communication line. You need to ensure that your contact details and the company will remain confidential. You also need to know that you will be able to talk to them directly and that the company will keep up with your needs. You will not have to wait for a long time to have any questions answered about your project.

Choosing the right company for you would also depend on what you want in a builder. You can get an expert who will provide all the services that you require, or you can choose a company that will provide you with some basic services so that you are able to achieve the desired results in a short period of time.

Reputable builders will take into consideration all the factors that you have mentioned in your requirements. They will know the latest trends in building materials, and they will also be able to handle things with ease. This will allow you to concentrate on the task at hand – getting your dream house built in no time.

You can go through different companies to find the one who fits your budget and meets your expectations. Take your time and check them out.

There is no reason to wait until you have to do everything by yourself if you are using the company from Rodney. There is a company that will be able to take care of everything for you.

The great thing about the business is that you will be able to get everything that you need without much hassle in today’s construction market. A lot of people are looking for ways to cut down on costs when it comes to doing things like construction. One of the ways that you will be able to do this is to look for contractors who will be able to give you a good price quote on your project.

When it comes to saving money, you need to ensure that you work with the right contractor who will provide you with a professional manner. that you can easily be comfortable with.

There are a lot of advantages that you can enjoy when it comes to using the services of Rodney. These include the following.

These are just a few of the advantages that you can experience when using the professional builder in Rodney in the building industry. It is always good to find the right building company for you because you can be sure that you will be getting the most for your money. When you decide to do so, you will be able to get a wonderful investment in your dream house.

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What Is It? The Many Uses of Japanese Cedar

 

The Japanese Cedar tree, Cryptomeria, is a monotypic genus of cedar family of the cypress family, Cupressaceae. It has three species: Cryptomeria albida, Cryptomeria chrysocolla, and Cryptomeria chrysoprase.

Cypress or Ebony is native to Japan. In the United States and Europe, the genus Carya, or Ebony, is found more commonly. There are also other genera of cedar and other hardwoods, which are not native to Asia. One such species is the Japanese Cedar. It is native to Japan and parts of China.

The Japanese cedar has a unique aromatic and fruity aroma. In some cases, it is also said to smell like a combination of juniper, jasmine, and rose. The scent is quite distinctive.

It is an evergreen, deciduous tree, with leaves that are flat-topped and the same as the Oriental tea tree. The leaves are long and narrow.

Japanese Cedar has many uses throughout the world. It is used for landscaping and has been in use as a substitute for rosewood since its discovery by accident by Dr Takuo Takahashi, a Japanese herbalist. Dr Takahashi was trying to create a substitute for rosewood.

This is a tree of the genus Thuja. Thuja has been a common wood throughout Asia for thousands of years. Because of the fragrant oils it produces, it has been used for centuries to treat everything from toothache to ulcers. In Japan, it is often used as an alternative to rosewood in making lacquerware and for making teak furniture.

Because of the aromatic characteristics of Japanese Cedar, it has been known to help with sinus problems. This is particularly true in patients suffering from allergies. It is also a great treatment for arthritis. It is good for helping people who are prone to asthma because of its ability to inhibit the production of histamine.

The Japanese Cedar tree has been growing in popularity in the United States and Europe for many years and is used extensively in both the residential and commercial sectors. Because of its unique properties, it is a sought after the tree for landscaping.

Because cedar trees are so abundant, it is easy to find them throughout most of the country. They can be found on every continent, and many of them grow in wooded areas near lakes and rivers.

One of the things you can find growing in cedar trees is the Japanese cedar. It is very easy to grow, although it does require regular trimming to keep it healthy. In fact, a large percentage of the population that lives in areas that receive cedar supplies need to keep their trees trimmed.

There are many different ways to use cedar. Many people buy it for use as an outdoor furniture cover. If you look hard enough, you will almost always find it used outdoors. as a planter on lawns or in patios, because of its ability to withstand moisture and the ability to keep out pests.

Other people use it to make birdhouses, bird feeders, birdbaths, birdhouses and even birdhouses. Many companies use it in a variety of applications for the home. Some use it in the construction of garages and sheds.

If you have ever thought about using it as a roofing material, then the Japanese Cedar is an excellent choice because it will keep it looking new. and not fade from the sun like most other types of roofing materials do.

It is a very strong, natural substance and is easy to clean up. It can withstand the elements and can even be used for landscaping.

One thing that some people like to do with their trees is to create small fountains, lanterns or candles. This is done by removing some of the bark and covering it with a lighter material. This allows for a natural light source which can be used to provide mood and relaxation in the garden.

The Japanese Cedar is also used for creating fire pits in many places, especially in the backyards of many people. They are very sturdy and they can last for generations.

Although the Japanese Cedar is known to be a very strong tree, it is very easy to treat. If you would like to add some fragrance to the soil around your garden or use some sort of mulch for added nutrients. you can.

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Hamilton SEO Consultant

 

Search Engine Optimization is a term that you will hear a lot in Hamilton, Ontario and the surrounding areas. This term means that you are using certain words or phrases to get the attention of a search engine to get your site listed as one of the top sites.

In order for this to happen, SEO Hamilton must be a business that specializes in helping to improve a business’s ranking in search engines. There are many businesses that have SEOs and use them to promote their businesses in a number of ways. In order to be successful at this, there must be an expert that can analyze the websites and determine what they need to do to make it appear at the top of the list.

A business that has an SEO Hamilton consultant working for them can have success with their marketing campaign. Many of the businesses in the Hamilton area will do everything on their own to improve their ranking on the search engines. However, if you hire the services of a professional that understands what you need to do in order to improve your website’s ranking, you will see more traffic to your website than you ever thought possible.

This is something that many people want and a lot of people do not know how to accomplish. When you take the time to find a company that has an expert working on your website to help you with ranking, it is important that you research all the companies that you are considering. A lot of the companies that you can find online will not provide a list of services and they may not offer services in Hamilton or the surrounding areas.

The best way to ensure that you are getting the services you need from an SEO Hamilton consultant is to do an online search. You can find all of the companies that you need for your needs and then find reviews of the company from others that have used the services that they have offered to them. You can also find information about the services that you need and what your expectations should be.

Once you have done this, you can then make an informed decision when it comes to hiring a company that specializes in search engine optimization. It is important that you make sure that you are getting the services that you need in order to have a successful internet marketing campaign. If you do not get what you need in terms of services, it will be difficult to improve your ranking and rank that can lead to you having a successful online campaign.

Search Engine Optimization can work wonders for your business and the services that they provide can make this possible. A business that does not have an expert for search engine optimization is often going to see a drop off in sales because they will not have the resources necessary to bring customers to their website.

When it comes to Internet marketing in Hamilton, it is important that you think outside of the box. You can always start with the basics in order to ensure that you have an effective search engine marketing campaign. Once you have your business ranked high in the search engines, you can always add to your campaign by adding on additional services to ensure that you have an even stronger online presence.

A successful Hamilton SEO Hamilton company will be able to provide you with the services that you need in order to make sure that you have a successful online campaign, which can lead to more customers and more sales. A professional team will also be able to get your website ranked high in the search engines so that you can ensure that your business has a more positive online image.

Finding a good Hamilton SEO Hamilton team is easy and it is a simple task for anyone to accomplish this when it comes to finding a successful search engine marketing team. You can find a professional Hamilton SEO Hamilton consultant online and have them create a list of services that they can offer you and also find out what other companies they have worked within Hamilton and the surrounding area.

The key is to take the time to research the companies that are listed and to make sure that you are getting the right search engine optimization services that you need. The more that you have available to work with, the better chance you have of being successful with your online marketing campaign.

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An Overview of SEO Services in Auckland

 

There are many SEO services in Auckland that provide a wide range of services for businesses. These companies work with various search engines to ensure that they rank high in search engine results. They will also assist with website design and development.

In order to promote your local business, it is essential that you get into the top-ranking local businesses. This can be done by helping them to get into search engine result pages for their keywords. These listings have higher chance of being found when compared to all the others.

You have many tools at your disposal when you start out your business in Australia. One of the most useful tools is the Internet. Websites can help to provide links to your company in Australia. This in turn will help to build your brand.

Keywords can be a very useful tool to use if you don’t want to spend too much time creating a new website. The main thing to remember when doing this is to make sure that your site is good. There is no point having a website that is pretty but lacks a few features.

If you are in Auckland and want to start an online business there are many opportunities available to you. For example, one of the best SEO services in Auckland is Greenfeather which has a large team of SEO specialists. They can help to create sites with high quality content for an affordable price.

Greenfeather is the leader in SEO marketing services. These services have been researched and perfected by their experts to provide great results. They have been helping businesses and individuals all over the world achieve success in the internet.

When using an SEO service in Atlanta, there are several things that you need to look out for. It is important to find a service that is cheap, offers you a high quality product and has a good reputation. There are plenty of companies who can provide you with the same service as the one you are looking for.

Another important consideration when choosing an SEO service in Atlanta is the length of the contract. It is better to stick with a long term arrangement so that you can have multiple websites on the web. An up and coming company might offer you a short-term agreement but it is more likely to have the opposite effect than the one you want.

Finding a successful business will take time. The results will only come through trial and error. It is vital that you make your business a success and find ways to promote it on the web.

Search Engine Optimization is a valuable method of making sure that your company has a website that is known throughout the country. In some areas a business could be at the mercy of a few local internet customers. However, the success of your business can be promoted throughout the country.

The key to the success of your business will depend on the type of SEO services that you use. In general, it is advisable to stay away from services that claim to do everything for you. As a rule of thumb, the more work that needs to be done the less valuable the services offered.

If you want to boost your SEO skills you can go online and do some research. Some of the best SEO companies in the country will help you get your business noticed by the right people.

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Why Buy A Car Phone Holder?

 

The car phone holder is the new age accessory that lets people bring their phone in the car without having to worry about their hands getting tired. You can use them to hang your phone when you are driving, or put it in the trunk of your car.

Some people prefer to have a phone when they are driving, so that they don’t have to put it away when they get home. However, others find that having a phone on the seat is very dangerous. They should put their phone in a place where it is not out of the line of sight, as it is easy to accidentally hit the phone with the seat.

Another common place to put a phone is in the trunk. It will be right next to the air bag, and you won’t have to worry about losing your phone.

You can buy car phone holders that are designed to be mounted in the dash of your car. These come in different sizes, so that you can fit the phone in the holder that you want. Some of them also come with extra drawstrings to adjust the positioning of the phone so that it is out of the way.

The reason why you need to be sure that the car phone holder that you choose is strong enough to hold the weight of the phone is because there is no way for you to check if it is stable enough to hold the phone. They are usually made out of plastic, so they will buckle under the weight of the phone.

A car phone holder is also an important safety device. If the phone were to fall, the holder would prevent the phone from falling to the ground, where it could break and injure a person or even cause a car accident.

There are many different types of phone holders on the market. Many of them come with accessories that will make them more useful, such as easy-to-open drawstrings and water resistant materials.

The only problem with a car phone holder is that you are dependent on the brand that you use. If the holder has a bad brand, you will find that you will not be able to enjoy the features that you are supposed to have.

You also want to find a holder that is affordable. As long as you have a few dollars to spend, you can go and pick up one of these products, which you can use in your car and then in your home.

Before you get your car phone holder, you will need to make sure that you know how to operate the various buttons and controls. This is very important, especially if you have kids in the car with you.

Another good part about this product is that it will add to the security of your vehicle. If you have a child in the car with you, the holder can be used to keep the phone safe.

With so many car accessories available on the market, you might find that you get confused. Make sure that you get a car phone holder that you will use, because they will help you to enjoy all the benefits that they offer.

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Finding the Right Office Chairs

The office chairs NZ is a very important element in the working environment, because it sets the tone for your work environment. Many employees complain about bad seats and would happily trade in their old office chairs for a new model.

The problem with many cheap office chairs is that they don’t provide good support, and a person sitting in an uncomfortable seat will inevitably become uncomfortable over time. One of the main problems is that many of these chairs are made from very cheap materials such as plastic or upholstery.

An office chair can be made from different materials. But if the material is cheap, then it will soon fall apart after several years. After a few years of use, any cheap chair will buckle or may even start to show the start of wear.

Another problem with cheap office chairs is that they often lack ergonomic features. Often a chair does not have enough cushioning, which can reduce blood circulation, and cause you to sweat.

Many companies in New Zealand to invest in office chairs that are not only designed to improve the comfort of the employee, but to improve the productivity of the staff as well. If the job is boring or monotonous, then the staff will start to get bored. This will then lead to errors and poor service.

To avoid a large amount of staff leaving their jobs, many companies in New Zealand to invest in ergonomically designed chairs that have been specifically designed to increase comfort and productivity. A good office chair will help your staff be able to do their job efficiently. Most staff in New Zealand feel more relaxed when sitting in a comfortable office chair.

Many of the companies also want to help improve the environment by encouraging the staff to enjoy their jobs, rather than getting angry about the lack of good comfort. So many people get angry when it starts to hurt, rather than comfortable when it hurts. It takes a lot of effort to keep an office staff happy, but the good news is that any improvement to the office environment will improve employee morale.

Having a comfortable office chair that is ergonomically designed is now easier than ever. Most manufacturers now provide a range of comfortable and ergonomically designed office chairs, so it is now possible to purchase office chairs that will help you improve the comfort of your staff.

There are now great brand names available in the market such as Viscoactive, Cobra Active, and Caribou, that provide ergonomic chairs that work. With some of these companies you can choose to either purchase the office chair or get it as a free upgrade, which will save you money and will make your customers happy.

It is always a good idea to ask questions when buying new furniture for your office. It is easy to become frustrated with sales staff at a furniture store, and it is tempting to get something that is too big or too small.

Asking the customer service team at the company what they recommend is a good idea. If the staff doesn’t know where to get the best deals, then the customer may not.

At some of the best furniture stores in New Zealand, you can purchase office chairs without even stepping out of the store. You should take some time to browse through these furniture stores and learn how to compare the different features on offer, before deciding on the perfect office chair.

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Cosmetic Dentist: A Good Choice For Your Oral Health

 

When you hear the words “Dentist Hamilton” what comes to mind is likely a type of dentist who does cosmetic work for people who have dental implants. This type of dentist can work on teeth that are missing, chipped or broken as well as those that are in need of replacement.

Many people get their teeth and gums replaced through dentures but getting a dental implant is a little bit more complicated. You need to make sure that your chosen dentist practices a certain type of cosmetic dentistry if you want to get this type of work done.

One type of cosmetic dentistry that involves tooth implants is called porcelain veneers. These are the porcelain caps that are placed over your existing teeth. These are generally custom made for each individual.

Crowns are also a part of cosmetic dentistry. These are typically made from gold or silver that are put around your current tooth. Your crown is bonded to your existing tooth so that it is permanent.

Crowns can also be made from titanium or any other metal that is found in dentures. This type of treatment involves bonding a hard substance to your existing tooth so that you get a new set of permanent teeth.

Another type of dental work that a dentist may offer involves teeth whitening. Whitening of teeth can be very expensive and many people simply do not have the money to afford it. If you want to go this route then it is important that you find a dentist who offers these services. Your dentist should be able to offer you an affordable treatment plan.

Teeth bleaching is a cosmetic procedure that works on the front teeth. The process works by removing the old stain from your gums and then applying a solution to cleanse them. You will need to make sure that your teeth are cleaned with a special agent before you undergo this treatment. It may take several treatments before the stain disappears.

Once you find a dentist that you trust and feel comfortable with, there is a chance that you could save money by going to a dentist in Hamilton instead of a dentist outside of the area. If you go to a dentist in Hamilton you will be able to receive better dental care, which means that you will have a more attractive smile and a brighter looking smile. This is because a dental office located in Hamilton can usually offer the most up to date techniques and equipment.

A dentist that specializes in oral hygiene will have the latest technology and equipment available to them. They will be able to perform procedures like root canal and veneers on your mouth. These procedures will give you a better appearance and make you feel more confident about yourself.

A cosmetic dentist will also be able to use lasers and other tools to whiten your teeth and help with their cleaning techniques. These kinds of treatments will also give you a much better appearance and can help you feel good about yourself.

A dentist that you choose will be able to help you with any oral hygiene problems that you might be having. This includes tooth brushing, root canal and veneers. These procedures will give you a brighter smile and a healthier smile.

When you go to a dentist in Hamilton, they will also know about all of the other cosmetic dentistry procedures that can be done to improve the look of your teeth and give you a more attractive smile. This includes braces, dental implants and teeth whitening.

Dentists are not just professionals that can fix your teeth. Dentists in Hamilton are also great at helping you keep your oral health in great shape. They will teach you how to properly brush and floss your teeth, so that you will have a healthy mouth.

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Best Guide to Sustainable Seafood

Best Guide to Sustainable Seafood: simply ask, “Is it from New Zealand?”
Under New Zealand’s world-leading fisheries management regime, the QMS (quota management system), there’s no need to guess or ponder what fish is sustainable. If any fish stock was threatened or at unsustainable levels, the New Zealand government would reduce the TACC (total allowable commercial catch) to zero – and it would no longer be on sale your seafood store or supermarket.

So if you want to know which fish is ‘safe’ then just check if it’s New Zealand seafood.

New Zealand’s hoki fishery has just been re-certified by the Marine Stewardship Council and was the first fishery in the world to gain this exacting qualification.

In 2007 the Minister of Fisheries allocated more than $4 million to securing sustainability certification for New Zealand’s entire fisheries. This demonstrates the government’s high level of confidence in the QMS and the long-term sustainability of our fisheries.

New Zealanders can be justifiably proud of the reputation that our seafood has for being sustainably managed.

“So it’s that simple. If you want a guide to choosing sustainable seafood – just ask one easy question: is it New Zealand seafood? ”
Have you seen the Great Fish Guide? This informative wallet-size card is a must have when doing your weekly shop or visiting your local fish retailer. For more information on the Great Fish Guide »

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Hoki

New Zealand takes pride in the fact that both its hoki stocks are among the best managed stocks in the world.

At the beginning of the 2009/2010 fishing year (1 October 2009), the New Zealand Minister of Fisheries announced that the Total Allowable Commercial Catch (TACC) of the nation’s two hoki fisheries for the upcoming fishing year (2009/2010) has increased by 20,000 tonnes – more than a 20 percent increase over the previous year. This marks the successful rebuilding of the Western stock, which required catch reductions, a painful process that was undertaken with full support by quota owners in the New Zealand seafood industry in order to keep the fisheries healthy and sustainable.

Industry views the decision as a tremendous validation of a long-term strategy to keep the hoki fisheries economically and environmentally sustainable. Beginning about a decade ago, the New Zealand government and seafood industry made the difficult decision to cut the quota and to shrink the fleet in order to preserve the long-term viability of the hoki fisheries. The catch increase decision is the result of those years of prudent and disciplined management.

Hoki facts
The Basics
Hoki is managed ecologically and sustainably. It is regularly assessed and monitored by the New Zealand government agency, the Ministry of Fisheries.
It is not and has never been over-fished. This is verified by independent science (see below).
There are two major hoki stocks in New Zealand, one to the west of the country, and the other to the east. Both remain above the limits set by the Ministry of Fisheries to ensure sustainability.
The best scientific information available – a 2009 stock assessment by the Ministry of Fisheries – found both stocks are within sustainable target levels.
The stocks will naturally fluctuate in size driven by the number of new fish entering the population. As they have done in the past, fisheries managers manage these fluctuations by adjusting catch limits.
When assessments earlier in the decade showed declines in the hoki stock, the New Zealand government took action to implement lower catch limits to allow it to recover. As a direct result of that action the 2009 stock assessment showed the hoki fisheries are healthy, increasing in size and have responded well to prudent management. In response to these conditions, the Ministry of Fisheries is considering raising catch limits this year.
In marked contrast to the reckless claims of environmental activists, the hoki stock is among the most responsibly and successfully managed in the world.
Most of the area where hoki live has not, and never has been, fished for hoki. Less than 10 per cent of New Zealand’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ) has ever been trawled. A total of 30 per cent of the EEZ has been closed to trawling in perpetuity by law to protect benthic (seafloor) ecosystems.
Methods to mitigate by-catch of seabirds and mammals have long been used in the hoki trawl fishery. The level of accidental by-catch of protected species in the hoki fishery is low. In recent years mitigation efforts focused on seabirds has resulted in a clear decline in by-catch.
Read the June 2009 New Zealand Ministry of Fisheries press release on hoki.

Fisheries Management Facts
Fisheries in each hoki stock are managed under separate catch limits, based on scientific assessments, reviewed annually and with adjustments to catch limits to ensure sustainability.
The New Zealand Minister of Fisheries is responsible under the Fisheries Act to ensure that all New Zealand’s fisheries are responsibly managed.
There are significant natural fluctuations in hoki stock sizes due to changes in the numbers of young hoki produced each year. Catch limits are adjusted in response to fluctuations.
In 2007, both stocks were re-certified by MSC as being sustainably managed – recognising that the western stock needed to be rebuilt in size for greater surety, which has now been done.
Catch limit reductions are used to promote rebuilding and are a regularly employed tool in effective fisheries management which needs to be flexible to respond to the natural environment. It is not a response to over-fishing. Neither of the two hoki stocks has been over-fished.
What the Science Says
Fisheries management is a complex challenge. However, there is a significant and ongoing amount of research carried out around New Zealand fisheries and also specifically relating to hoki. Where New Zealand fisheries have been assessed or studied, the conclusions are generally very, very good.

Read the New Zealand Ministry of Fisheries 2009 stock assessment.

You might like to look at this research by Dr Worm et al, released in July 2009.

From Dr Worm and Prof Hilborn’s media release:

It’s good news for several regions in the U.S., Iceland and New Zealand. “These highly managed ecosystems are improving”, says Hilborn.

According to the authors’ analyses, Alaska and New Zealand have led the world in terms of management success by not waiting until drastic measures are needed to conserve, restore and rebuild marine resources.

The research shows that New Zealand is singled out as an area where eco-systems have never been overfished and are effectively managed. The research clearly shows that New Zealand has successfully managed its fisheries for ecological sustainability – and this is exceptional.

New York Times wrote about the Worm/Hilborn research in the article Study Finds Hope in Saving Saltwater Fish.

“A summary of recent papers comparing the performance of fisheries management around the world – how does New Zealand stack up?”, Adam Langley (9 September 2009) 90kB
This paper provides a synopsis of four recent publications that compare and contrast the effectiveness of fisheries management among the world’s countries/EEZs. The publications include a review of fisheries management regimes relative to the UN code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries; a journal paper that publishes the results from that relate to the implementation of the Ecosystem based fisheries management; and two additional publications that use (somewhat) differing criteria to assess the fisheries management regimes among all or most of the world’s EEZs. It is a brief summary of each paper with particular emphasis on the results pertaining to New Zealand and the performance of New Zealand’s fisheries management regime relative to other (developed) countries.

The publication of these studies also coincides with the paper titled Rebuilding Global Fisheries (the link is above – Worm Hilborn et al) that rated New Zealand marine areas as second equal with Alaska as the healthiest in the world. (It is important to note that this rating is the highest possible…not the ‘best of a bad bunch’as some NGOs described it.)

Hoki
Hoki (Macruronus novaezelandiae) is New Zealand’s most important commercial fish species. It lives mainly in the middle water depths and is taken by trawling, usually at depths of around 300 – 600 metres.
Hoki Fishery
Hoki are found throughout New Zealand waters, but the main catching grounds are off the West Coast of the South Island, in Cook Strait, and on the Chatham Rise.

New Zealand’s hoki fishery is managed by strict quotas which allow only a set amount of hoki to be taken commercially each year. This Total Allowable Commercial Catch (TACC) was increased to 110,010 metric tonnes for the 2009/10 fishing year.

For more information on the management and sustainability of hoki please download:

Management of New Zealand hoki 131kB
Hoki Exports
Total exports of hoki in the year ended December 2009 were worth $NZ 152 million.
The major markets for hoki are Europe and Australia taking around 70 per cent of the total export. The Asian nations are other important markets.

Virtually all hoki is exported as frozen fillets, frozen blocks of fillets and minced meat.

Hoki Meat Quality
Hoki flesh is moist, white and delicate, with few bones. It flakes easily and is excellent for forming into fish block. It is also well suited to further processing into a wide range of consumer presentations. In fact in New Zealand and many other countries, it is New Zealand’s sustainable hoki in your McDonalds Fillet’o’Fish.
For meal ideas using hoki, check out the Recipes on Greatest Meal on Earth website.